Prometheus监控-Ceph告警规则到飞书群组(全网最全最详细)

Prometheus监控-Ceph告警规则到飞书群组(全网最全最详细)

Deng YongJie's blog 538 2024-05-26

Prometheus监控-Ceph告警规则(全网最全最详细)

groups:
- name: ceph.rules
  rules:
  - alert: Ceph Target Down
    expr: up{job="C2-Ceph"} == 0
    for: 5m
    #for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: critical
      cluster_name: C2-Ceph-Cluster
    annotations:
      description: CEPH target down for more than 2m, please check - it could be a either exporter crash or a whole cluster crash
      summary: CEPH exporter down
  - alert: Ceph Error State
    expr: ceph_health_status >= 1
    for: 5m
    labels:
      cluster_name: C2-Ceph-Cluster
      severity: critical
    annotations:
      description: Ceph is in Error state longer than 5m, please check status of pools and OSDs
      summary: CEPH in ERROR
  - alert: Ceph Warn State
    expr: ceph_health_status == 1
    for: 10m
    labels:
      cluster_name: C2-Ceph-Cluster
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      description: Ceph is in Warn state longer than 30m, please check status of pools and OSDs
      summary: CEPH in WARN
  - alert: Osd Down
    expr: ceph_osd_up == 0
    for: 5m
    labels:
      cluster_name: C2-Ceph-Cluster
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      description: OSD is down longer than 30 min, please check whats the status
      summary: OSD down
  - alert: Ceph Pg Unavailable
    expr: ceph_pg_total - ceph_pg_active > 0
    for: 5m
    labels:
      cluster_name: C2-Ceph-Cluster
      severity: critical
    annotations:
      description: Some groups are unavailable on {{ $labels.cluster }}. Please check their detailed status and current configuration.
      summary: PG UNAVAILABLE [{{ $value }}] on {{ $labels.cluster }}
  - alert: Ceph Osd Reweighted
    expr: ceph_osd_weight < 1
    for: 1h
    labels:
      cluster_name: C2-Ceph-Cluster
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      description: OSD {{ $labels.ceph_daemon}} on cluster {{ $labels.cluster}} was reweighted for too long. Please either create silent or fix that issue
      summary: OSD {{ $labels.ceph_daemon }} on {{ $labels.cluster }} reweighted - {{ $value }}
  - alert: Disk(s) Near Full
    expr: (ceph_osd_stat_bytes_used / ceph_osd_stat_bytes) * 100 > 85
    for: 2m
    labels:
      severity: critical
      cluster_name: C2-Ceph-Cluster
    annotations:
      summary: "Disk(s) Near Full"
      description: "This shows how many disks are at or above 85% full. Performance may degrade beyond this threshold on filestore (XFS) backed OSD's."
  - alert: Ceph Mon Not Active
    expr: ceph_mon_quorum_status == 0
    for: 5m
    labels:
      cluster_name: C2-Ceph-Cluster
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      description: ceph_mon_quorum_status Inactive for more than 5 minutes, check the status of the ceph_mon component
      summary: CEPH in warning
  - alert: Ceph Slow Ops
    expr: ceph_health_detail{name="SLOW_OPS"} == 1
    for: 5m
    labels:
      cluster_name: C2-Ceph-Cluster
      severity: critical
    annotations:
      description: ceph slow ops persists for more than 5 minutes, Check the ceph cluster
      summary: CEPH in critical
  - alert: Ceph Pg Inconsistent
    expr: ceph_pg_inconsistent == 1
    for: 5m
    labels:
      cluster_name: C2-Ceph-Cluster
      severity: critical
    annotations:
      description: ceph pg inconsistency persists for more than 5 minutes, check the ceph cluster in time
      summary: CEPH in critical
  - alert: Ceph Osd Latency High
    expr: ceph_osd_apply_latency_ms >= 80
    for: 5m
    labels:
      cluster_name: C2-Ceph-Cluster
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      description: ceph_osd_apply_latency_ms exceeds 80ms and the duration exceeds 5 minutes, check the osd performance in time. {{ $labels.ceph_daemon}}
      summary: Ceph high OSD latency {{ $labels.ceph_daemon }}
  - alert: Ceph Read Iops High
    #irate 函数用于计算时间序列的瞬时速率,但其在短时间范围内可能不太稳定。因此,我们可以尝试使用 rate 函数进行平均速率计算,并设置一个较短的时间范围。
    expr: sum(round(rate(ceph_osd_op_r[1m]))) by (instance) > 5000
    for: 2m
    labels:
      cluster_name: C2-Ceph-Cluster
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      description: ceph_osd_op_r  the cluster IOPS exceeds 5000 for more than 2 minutes, check whether the cluster performance is abnormal
      summary: ceph osd has high read IOPS
  - alert: Ceph Write Iops High
    expr: sum(round(rate(ceph_osd_op_w[1m]))) by (instance) > 3000
    for: 2m
    labels:
      cluster_name: C2-Ceph-Cluster
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      description: ceph_osd_op_w  the cluster IOPS exceeds 3000 for more than 2 minutes, check whether the cluster performance is abnormal
      summary: ceph osd has high write IOPS

随便把监控规则调低测试告警信息

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